The standard of the Puli
All properties and characteristics of the Puli are summarized worldwide in a "Standard of the Puli" and is published by the home country Hungary. Therefore the description of the Puli breed can be found in FCI Standard No. 55.
The Fédération Cynologique Internationale, short FCI, is the largest cynological umbrella organization. An excerpt from Wikipedia describes the goals: "According to its statutes, the FCI serves the purpose of promoting the breeding and use of breed dogs and to promote the cynology and welfare of dogs worldwide." This goal is supported by the Association for the German Kennel Club, short VDH, als Dachverband für den Deutschen Puli Klub vollumfänglich an.
Of course, our breedersfeel committed to the preservation of the Puli breed, because with this general description the Puli with its many valuable character traits and its unique appearance remains. Thus he always remains recognizable by the standard in his breed as Puli. We have described the Puli in all its kindness on our page "The Puli". We have collected many questions about the Puli and put them together for you. Read here.
Below you will find a complete overview of how the standard of the Puli is described. We have made the wording somewhat easier to read, but have not changed the definition. If you want to read the original text, you can read it in the FCI Standard No. 55.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
for the standard of the Puli
It is a Hungarian cattle dog breed of Asian origin. In all probability, his original ancestors came to the Carpathian Basin with the migrating nomads of the Old Magyars, who lived on cattle breeding.
THE GENERAL APPEARANCE
in the standard Puli
The dog Puli is of medium size, firm constitution and square build. Nevertheless it has a fine but not too light bone structure. The somewhat gaunt body is well muscled in all parts. The design of the individual body parts is difficult to judge. The whole body is covered by a strongly developed coat that tends to form villi and cords. For this reason, it is particularly useful in this breed to scan the dog during the judging. The hair on the head is so luxuriant that it makes the head appear round and shields the eyes. The breed-typically forward over the croup rolled up, luxuriantly hairy tail causes apparently a body form slightly rising to the back.
The length of the body corresponds to the height at the withers. The depth of the chest is slightly less than half the height at the withers. The length of the muzzle corresponds to one third of the length of the head.
BEHAVIOUR / CHARACTER (ESSENCE)
The dog Puli is of lively temperament, extraordinarily capable of learning. He loves children and is an excellent watchdog. Its present form has adapted to the use in dog sports.
Seen from the front the head is round, seen from the side it seems to be elliptical.
SCHÄDEL: He is small and fine. The eyebrow arches are strongly developed, while the stop is weakly developed.
FACE Skull : The nose of the dog Puli is relatively small and black. But the muzzle is not pointed and the bridge of the nose is straight. His lips are tight and dark pigmented. The jaws or teeth show a scissor bite with scissors bite with 42 teeth corresponding to the tooth formula. The eyes of the pulis are medium sized and the dark brown eyes are slightly slanted and set medium wide apart. His expression is lively and intelligent. The edges of the eyelids are tightly fitting the eyeball and well pigmented.
The Puli dog has medium high set ears with a broad base. The drooping earlobes have a V-shape rounded at the tip.
He's of medium length, firm, well-muscled. It forms an angle of 45 degrees with the horizontal and is covered with thick hair.
The upper profile line is straight, apparently rising slightly towards the rear because of the rod position. The withers of the Pulis protrude only slightly above the topline. Typical for the breed is that the back is medium long, straight, taut and muscular. Also the loins are richly muscled and short.
The croup is short and slightly sloping. The typical chest of the breed is deep, long and with well sprung ribs. Therefore the lower profile line gradually rises towards the abdomen.
The medium high set tail is curled flat over the croup and densely covered with hair. When it is stretched out, it reaches in length to the ankle joint.
LIMITS in the standard Puli
The shoulder blade is slanted and taut against the rib cage. A vertical line dropped from the withers touches the front of the chest at its lowest point. The angle between shoulder blade and upper arm is 100 to 110 degrees.
The upper arm is of medium length and well muscled. The elbow is close to the chest. The angle between the upper arm and the forearm is 120 to 130 degrees.
The forearm is long and straight. It is characterized by dry muscles.
The front paws are short, roundish and closed. The toes are close together. The claws are black or dark slate grey. The bales are dark coloured and elastic. The paws are parallel, pointing forward and are medium wide apart.
The position of the barrels is medium wide and parallel. The angle between pelvis and thigh is approximately 100-110 degrees. The angle in the knee joint is 100-110 degrees. Upper and lower legs are long and well muscled. The ankle joint is dry and clearly defined. The rear metatarsus is short. The hind feet do not have toes as closed and close together as the front feet. Otherwise, they are the same.
The movement of the Puli is very lively and spirited. The step is short. Accordingly, the typical breed movement is often tripping and hopping. The dog has a tendency to spin around its own axis.
The skin is wrinkle-free and tight, as well as heavily pigmented. The free skin areas are black or slate grey for each colour variety.
The hair of the puppies is dense, wavy or curled. Later, tufts of hair form and then strongly structured, breed-typical cord and strings. The coat consists of a coarser top coat and a finer undercoat. The relationship between the two hair types determines the character of the hairstyle. If the top coat is much more developed than the undercoat, then the coat is atypically structured and the hairs are somewhat protruding. If the undercoat predominates undesirable way too much, an all too soft structured, matted hair develops. In this case it is then difficult to maintain.
The genetically determined correct ratio of the two hair types results in the aesthetically advantageous villi or cord shape. Therefore it is easy to maintain. The cords are in the lumbar and croup area and are longest (20 to 30 cm) at the back of the thighs. In contrast, they are shortest at the head and limbs (10 to 12 cm). Thus the breed typical hair on the head is ideal if the hair has a strong cord like structure and shields the facial area. Both the combed out and the neglected and tousled hair is undesirable.
The colour of the Puli is either black or black with slight rust red or grey nuances. However, there are also fawn-coloured (fakó) with a distinct black mask. Another color in Puli is gray in any shade. A white patch not more than 3 cm in diameter is allowed on the chest area. White between the toes is not considered a fault. Also, the dog Puli has a pearly white coat, without a trace of semmelblond shading.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at withers :
In males it is 39 to 45 cm, while the ideal size is 41 to 43 cm. For bitches the ideal size is 36 to 42 cm and the ideal size is 38 to 40 cm.
Males weigh between 13 and 15 kg, while bitches weigh between 10 and 13 kg.
ERROR: Any deviation from the above points must be considered a fault. Its evaluation should be in exact proportion to the degree of deviation and therefore influence on the health and well-being of the dog should be considered. Therefore this also applies to his ability to do the required racial work.
Disqualifying is an aggressive or fearful behaviour. Dogs that clearly show physical abnormalities or behavioural disorders must be disqualified.